CULTURE AND HERITAGE
The rich culture of Costa Rica is a combination of the indigenous people who were originally settled in the country and the Spanish immigrants that have mixed into the population. Among these two dominant demographics, there are other ethnic groups that have blended in with these cultures.
This is one of the only countries in the region that prides itself on not having an official military. Their military was officially abolished in 1948, where the money was used to improve the quality of life to the rest of the population. This is one of the underlying factors that contribute to the level of happiness that many Costa Ricans find themselves privy to. Costa Ricans are well regarded as extremely hospitable and friendly to travelers visiting the country. Read more →
Because Costa Rica is located between 8 and 12 degrees north of the Equator, the climate is tropical year round. However, the country has many microclimates depending on elevation, rainfall, topography, and by the geography of each particular region.
Costa Rica’s seasons are defined by how much rain falls during a particular period and not to the four seasons in the Northern Hemisphere. The year can be split into two periods, the dry season known to the residents as summer, and the rainy season, known locally as winter. The “summer” or dry season goes from December to April, and “winter” or rainy season goes from May to November, which almost coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season and during this time, it rains constantly in some regions. Read more →
Main exports: Electronic components, textiles, bananas, coffee, sugar, beef, medical devices, pineapples, foliage and ornamentals, fish and seafood, processed foods.
Main industries: Microprocessors, software, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products.
Main income generating activity: Tourism.
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Costa Rica is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east, with a total of 1,290 kilometres (800 mi) of coastline, 212 km (132 mi) on the Caribbean coast and 1,016 km (631 mi) on the Pacific. The name Costa Rica actually means “Rich Coast.” The country prides itself on its efforts to promote sustainability and green activities. It is a top ranked Latin American country in the Human Development index and has been rated as one of the greenest countries in the world. The literacy rate in Costa Rica is 94.9%, one of the highest in Latin America. When the army was abolished in 1949, it was said that the “army would be replaced with an army of teachers.”
Costa Rican History
HISTORY In 1502, on his fourth and last voyage to the New World, Christopher Columbus made the first European landfall in the area. Settlement of Costa Rica began in 1522. For nearly 3 centuries, Spain administered the region as part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala under a military governor. The Spanish optimistically called the country “Rich Coast.” Finding little gold or other valuable minerals in Costa Rica, however, the Spanish turned to agriculture. Read more →
Mal Pais is the more peaceful part of the combined villages of Santa Teresa and Malpais. While in recent years Santa Teresa has seen a boom in development, Mal Pais has retained its quiet, laid-back atmosphere with large patches of unspoiled natural beauty. The coast of Mal Pais is rocky in most parts, with some bizarre volcanic formations creating fascinating scenery. Old jungle forest grows down to the shore where rocky outcroppings alternate with pockets of beaches, some made up entirely of tiny seashells.
At the southern end of Mal Pais is the small fishermen port from where boat and fishing tours go around the tip of the Nicoya Peninsula. The maritime sanctuary of Cabo Blanco protects many aquatic species, and from a boat you can watch dolphins, manta rays, sea turtles, and whales.
Soil plays most important part in any form of gardening. If you are trying to grow your organic garden then you must use a soil which is rich in minerals and nutrients. Most of the soil around the farm is already rich in minerals and nutrients which are essential for healthy growth of the plants.
“Because we do not use any pestisides or fertilizers it is important that soil at Hacienda Okhra have as many organic minerals and nutrients so that the plants are strong and healthy.”
All of the fruits and vegtables need to be able to withstand a variety of insects and conditions in order to thrive. To make the soil nutrients rich Hacienda okhra adds compost to their soil. Addition of compost provides the soil the necessary amount of organic matter that makes the soil rich in minerals and nutrients.